PSA, or prostate-specific antigen, is a protein in the blood produced by the prostate. It is used as an indicator in a man’s blood to determine the health of the prostate. An elevated PSA can indicate prostate cancer, but other non-cancerous issues can cause elevated PSA as well.

Two of the most common non-cancerous causes of elevated PSA levels are prostatitis and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate, and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is an enlargement of the same organ. Issues that lead to an elevated PSA can cause reduced fertility or even infertility in men. Many of these issues can be successfully treated, cured, or reduced. Since the PSA test is just an indicator, it is important to run further tests to find the cause of an elevated PSA level. Read about what impacts PSA levels below.

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