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Key dates before Georgia's Jan. 5 runoff election

The 2020 Election is clearly not the end of the political season.

ATLANTA — Although Election Day is in the books, the political calendar is far from over. The season is still very crowded between now and the inauguration of the President of the United States.

While everyone still waits for the determination of who will win the presidency, other actions are moving forward.

Outside of the upcoming Jan. 5 runoff election, many of the upcoming activities are prescribed by various laws, including several amendments to the United States Constitution.

Here are the important dates between now and the presidential inauguration:

Tuesday, November 24, 2020 - Since the margin between the winning and losing sides in the presidential election appears to be within the 0.5% threshold necessary for the losing side to request a recount, a request for an official recount (which is different than the audit that will soon be done as a hand recount) would have to come no later than two business days following the Secretary of State's certification of the results. 

That recount would be a "machine recount" of the ballots.

Tuesday, December 1, 2020 - Runoff election for 5th Congressional District special election between Robert Franklin (D) and Kwanza Hall (D). The winner of this election will immediately become the U.S. Congressman representing the 5th District, but only hold the seat for just over a month - until the end of the 116th Congressional Session. 

The current congressional session concludes and the new one begins on Sunday, January 3, 2021.

The seat was previously held by the late U.S. Rep. John Lewis, who passed away last July from pancreatic cancer. 

After the month-long session, Nikema Williams will be sworn in to the 5th Congressional District seat in the 117th Congress.

Monday, December 14, 2020 - The Electoral College formally meets to cast their votes for president and vice president of the United States. This process was originally laid out in the United States Constitution and has been adjusted through two separate constitutional amendments.

This year, the members of the Electoral College will meet in their individual states on December 14 to cast their votes for President and Vice President. 

Each elector must vote by paper ballot separately for President and for Vice President. 

RELATED: How many Electoral Votes are needed to be elected president?

After the electors vote, the signed forms must be delivered by registered mail to the Secretary of State of the state in which the electors reside, the Archivist of the United States, the judge of the U.S. District Court of the district where the electors met, and the President of the U.S. Senate.

Wednesday, December 23, 2020 - The certificates used must arrive to each of the officers named above by December 23. Again, this date is set by federal law.

Sunday, January 3, 2021, 12 p.m. - Term of the 116th Congress ends, 117th Congress begins.

Tuesday, January 5, 2021 - The U.S. Senate runoff elections between Democrat Raphael Warnock and incumbent Republican Sen. Kelly Loeffler to complete Johnny Isakson's term. The runoff election for between incumbent Republican Sen. David Perdue and Democratic challenger Jon Ossoff will also take place. 

The winners will immediately take Georgia's seats in the U.S. Senate. The balance of power in the U.S. Senate is at stake, as the current split is 50-48, in favor of the Republican Party. 

There is one statewide office in Georgia that will also be contested during this runoff -- the 4th District Public Service Commission seat between incumbent Republican Lauren "Bubba" McDonald and Democrat Daniel Blackman. Neither one of those candidates received the requisite 50% plus one vote necessary to secure victory during the general election, which means they will also participate in the runoff election.

Wednesday, January 6, 2021, 1 p.m. - Joint session of Congress to count the Electoral Votes and declare the results of the presidential election. This date is also set in federal law. Vice President Mike Pence, in his role as President of the U.S. Senate, will preside over the joint session. 

Pence will open the certificates and present them to one of four tellers -- two from each chamber.  The tellers will list and then transmit them back to Pence. 

When one of the tickets receives 270 Electoral Votes, Pence will announce the results to the assembled body, which "shall be deemed a sufficient declaration of the persons, if any, elected President and Vice President."

Wednesday, January 20, 2021, 12 p.m. - Inauguration of the President of the United States.