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VERIFY | Answering questions about Guillain-Barre syndrome and latest warning about J&J vaccine

There’s lots of questions and commentary surrounding the latest discovery.

ATLANTA — The Food and Drug Administration announced a new warning about a possible link from Johnson & Johnson’s COVID-19 vaccine and a rare neurological reaction.

The new warning flagged Guillain-Barre syndrome, an immune system disorder that can cause muscle weakness and occasionally paralysis, after the CDC and FDA reviewed reports of about 100 people who developed the syndrome.

There’s lots of questions and commentary surrounding the latest discovery. So, we’re going to break some of them down here.

SOURCES

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Bruce Hagen, Personal Injury Attorney, Hagen Rosskopf Attorneys At Law

National Library of Medicine

Food and Drug Administration

FIRST QUESTION

Do viral infections of “many kinds” cause GBS?

Answer: 

Yes

What we found:

Straight from the CDC, “the exact cause of GBS is unknown.” However, reports show people who develop GBS usually experience systems after suffering from diarrhea, respiratory illnesses,  flu, Epstein Barr virus, and cytomegaglovirus.

On the CDC’s website dedicated to GBS, it reads in part, “on very rare occasions, they may develop GBS in the days or weeks after getting a vaccination.”

SECOND QUESTION

Is there a similar warning about GBS for flu vaccines?

Answer:

Yes.

What we found:

In 1976, the risk of GBS increase after the swine flu vaccination. The National Academy of Medicine, conduced a scientific review in 2003 and found people who received the 1976 swine flu vaccine had an increased risk of developing GBS.

According to the CDC, the data on association between GBS and the flu vaccine varies, as the flu season changes every year.

“If there is an increased risk of GBS following flu vaccination it is small,” the CDC stated. “Studies suggest that it is more likely that a person will get GBS after getting the flu than after vaccination.”

THIRD QUESTION

Is the J&J vaccines the one with the most side effects?

Answer:

No

What we found:

The FDA fact sheet on the J&J vaccine lays out off the possible serious side effects. For J&J, this include GBS, blood clots with low levels of platelets and severe allergic reactions.

When looking at the fact sheet for the Pfzier and Moderna vaccines, they both detail possible severe side effects.

For Pfizer, this includes severe allergic reactions, myocarditis (inflammation of the heart muscle), pericarditis (inflammation of the lining outside the heart.)

For Moderna, the possible serious side effects also include, myocarditis, pericarditis, and several allergic reaction.

So, all three vaccine have the same number of possible severe side effects. They’re just different between the one-shot J&J and the two-shot Pfizer/Moderna shots.

It’s also important to note, all the possible severe side effects are rare and the FDA facts sheet for all three states “these may not be all the possible side effects” of the vaccines.

FOURTH QUESTION

If you develop a serious side effect, can you sue the manufacturer?

Answer:

No

What we found:

For those who do experience serious side effects, there may not be a legal recourse for them, because of the “emergency use” granted to each manufacturer of the different vaccines.

Attorney Bruce Hagen explained, “Under the emergency use authorization, one of the protections that manufacturers get is immunity from liability. It's because even to get the emergency use authorization, there is a certain degree of testing that has to be done. And the FDA has to have a certain belief that this drug is, in large measure, safe.”

Because of the emergency health crisis that was the pandemic, the FDA takes the crisis and takes into account the cost benefit analysis.

“The FDA basically had the authority to say that this emergency health crisis that we're dealing with, outweighs our typical safety protocols of having these testing procedures in place. And so, we're going to allow this drug which seems to be for the most part, OK, and beneficial and effective in fighting COVID. So, where a drug may have a harmful side effect to a tiny percentage of folks, that tiny percentage of folks are really going to be left without a recourse because the manufacturer has immunity under the terms of the emergency use authorization,” Hagen continued.”

Overall, the CDC and FDA said the cases of the GBS possibly linked to the J&J vaccine are rare and people should continue to get vaccinated to prevent hospitalization or death from COVID19.